Osteoarthritis of the hip joint is a disease called coxarthrosis. The insidiousness of the disease is that it is characterized by a course that is not felt for a long time.
Symptoms cannot worsen for more than two years until they gradually worsen and force the patient to see a doctor.
Symptomatology is divided into 3 degrees depending on the severity.
Symptoms of the disease
The main symptom is joint pain while walking. Chronically, coxarthrosis sometimes worsens - then the pain becomes more pronounced. Localization often echoes in the groin area, on the outside of the thigh, on the front surface, and on the knee or thigh. The pain causes a change in gait as the patient adapts, trying to avoid pain. This can cause the leg to shorten (especially in advanced cases). Let's take a closer look at the symptoms of osteoarthritis.
Attention!The disease mainly affects women.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joint - grade 1
It is mainly characterized by a mild, excruciating pain that occurs after significant physical exertion, such as running or walking for long periods of time. After resting, the pain disappears quickly without disturbing the dynamics of movement, so the patient is not careful. X-rays show small bone changes - growths that do not extend beyond the articular lip.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joint - grade 2
The pain becomes more intense, localized in the joint, spreads to the groin and thighs, and is visible at rest. Joint function is impaired, long walks cause lameness. Hip abduction and internal rotation are limited, and the muscles that allow the thigh to abduct and stretch are weakened.
Osteoarthritis of the hip joint - grade 3
Coxarthrosis pain always worries the patient, even at night. Leg muscles (thigh, lower leg) and hip atrophy, decreased volume, need a cane while walking. This causes the joint to shorten, forcing the patient to lean forward and stand on his feet. In grade 3 disease, the pain is often stronger in the groin or thigh than in the knee, so the doctor may be mistaken in the diagnosis.
Causes of the disease
There are many causes of coxarthrosis. Let's look at the main ones:
- Excessive stress on the joints, injuries, often occur, especially in athletes.
- Hereditary diseases. These include congenital hip dislocation, hip dysplasia, and others.
- Hereditary predisposition. Although coxarthrosis is not genetically inherited, a child may inherit structural features of a weak skeletal or cartilage tissue from relatives.
- Arthritis, although improved, can cause osteoarthritis of the hip joint.
- Chronic stress and long-term experiences, according to scientists, have an extremely negative impact on joint health.
- Infarction of the hip joint (aseptic necrosis) causes circulatory disorders.
- Hormonal changes, diabetes, loss of sensitivity of the lower extremities in neurological diseases.
Important!Significantly increases the risk of obesity. This is the cause of the development of the disease in 5-10% of the time.
Treatment with folk remedies
Apiproducts have proven to be an effective treatment for many internal diseases. Not surprisingly, bees can also help with joint deformities - bee venom has anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, normalizes the mobility of diseased joints, eliminates swelling and prevents deterioration. Basically, bee stings are used only by a specialist. Therapy begins with a bite, but usually the result is visible after the first procedure. The poison acts on the site of inflammation and helps the body fight infection on its own. In addition, it will help the body to cope with other problems - to eliminate infections, restore the nervous system and stop the aging of the body.
Mud bandages give positive results as a complementary therapy. Heated mud is more efficient, so it is recommended to heat it to 40 degrees before use. Apply a clay cake (clay diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 7) to the damaged joint and cover it with a sheet, linen and warm it with a towel. The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes. Rinse with warm water and rest yourself for half an hour. Wrap at least once a day for a month.
The following types of dirt are used:
Gelatin is a natural substance that has been used by mankind for centuries. The main advantage is that it is not only useful, but also completely safe.
Attention!Gelatin helps to improve the condition of hair, eliminate dryness and hair loss, while increasing the functionality of the whole body. To heal the hair, it is enough to dilute the powder with cold water and dilute it with shampoo to infuse.
What are the benefits of gelatin for joints? Contains amino acids that add elasticity to joints and slow down (or stop) destructive changes. In terms of chemical composition, gelatin is collagen and almost 90% protein, and protein foods are especially useful for joint problems.
Patients taking gelatin report a decrease in the pathological process and the intensity of joint pain, which allows them to move more freely. Of course, this can not be considered as the main type of treatment, but it is very effective in combination with other measures.
How to make gelatin:
- Pour a teaspoon of powder (pre-boiled) with half a glass of cold water.
- Leave to infuse - swell.
- In the morning, add warm water to a glass and mix a teaspoon of honey for sweetness and extra effect.
- After mixing, take the gelatine while still warm, on an empty stomach in the morning.
- Course: 10 days of treatment / 10 days break for 3 months.
Hirudotherapy (or leech treatment) gives positive results in the early stages of the disease - I and II. The benefit of leech bites is that the saliva contains enzymes that are compatible with the effects of drugs injected into the periarticular region. In addition, leech improves blood flow in the damaged joint.
In stage III of coxarthrosis, the use of leeks relieves joint pain at night and pain at rest. In the postoperative period, the recovery of damaged muscles and joints is accelerated.
Procedures are performed every 2-6 days, the course consists of 6-8 sessions. 4 to 8 medicinal leeches are used during the session. Significant improvement is observed after 4 sessions, but the maximum effect is achieved about 2 weeks after the end of the course of hirudotherapy.
Traditional medicine recipes are often the only way to overcome a difficult disease. Herbs are applied both locally and domestically. Some even help with grade III coxarthrosis.
Tariff # 1:
- You need lemon (3 pieces), celery (250 g), garlic (120 g).
- After grinding, put the ingredients in a 3-liter jar, cover with boiling water and keep warm with a blanket, leave overnight.
- Take the drug in the morning, 70 grams per day, half an hour before meals for three months. Banks are often enough for 1 month.
Mix and consume one glass every day for a month.
Attention!Before eating lemon, make sure your stomach is not too sour - citrus fruits increase it.
Recipe number 2. Take 3 lemons, finely chop along with the peel, pour boiling water (three liters) and leave to cool completely, then dissolve 3 tbsp. l. linden honey.
Tip!If your tendons and muscles are stretched, you can prepare celandine oil. Take 8 tablespoons. l. Chop the flowers and stems of the plants and apply 1 liter of olive oil. Allow the oil to sit in a warm place for 2 weeks. When brewed, strain and rub on painful areas, insulate with a warm cloth.
Lapping for joint pain
Take iodine, glycerin, alcohol and honey in equal proportions. The drug will be ready in 2-3 hours. You should apply it on a cotton swab and rub it well on your skin in the painful joint area. The skin needs to be lubricated from the bottom up, along the lymph and bloodstream. If the tissues surrounding the inflamed area are additionally lubricated, the effectiveness of rubbing will be higher - this will improve blood circulation and lead to the recurrence of the disease.
Cabbage compression reduces pain in damaged joints. Before going to bed you need a head of cabbage, which should be separated from a few large and fresh leaves. Lubricate the inflamed area with flower honey and add the cabbage, and then flatten it with a plastic bag and warm it with a towel or towel. In the morning, wash off the remaining honey and repeat the procedure. It is necessary to walk with a compress until the evening. Repeat the procedure within a month.
Mint ointment for joint pain.
Chop 50 g of mint and eucalyptus leaves with a knife and then add 50 ml of aloe juice.
Mix the ingredients and lubricate painful joints 3 times a day.
Treatment without surgery
Sometimes patients see a doctor with an advanced stage of coxarthrosis. In this situation, it is almost impossible to help them without surgery. However, medical practice shows that regular therapeutic exercises and the appointment of certain medications not only reduce the manifestations of the disease, but almost completely eliminate it.
Treatment in this case is completely individual and consists of taking bone-strengthening drugs in addition to gymnastics. If the joint can still be saved, it makes sense to prescribe medication to restore the cartilage.
There are a number of alternative methods that help with coxarthrosis:
- Manual therapy.
- Applied kinesology (movement therapy).
- Hardware connection traction.
- Non-hardware joint traction (post-isometric relaxation).
The following groups of drugs help in this diagnosis.
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Although the disease does not cure itself, these drugs can effectively relieve pain and reduce severe inflammation. Due to the harmful effects on the body, their regular use is not recommended.
Chondroprotectors, unlike NVPs, not only relieve symptoms but also affect the underlying disease. They restore cartilage structure and improve joint fluid production. But they do not work immediately - you need at least 2-3 courses to get positive results.
Attention! Chondroprotectors can only help in the early stages of the disease.
Muscle relaxant (muscle relaxant) is good for relieving spasms in the muscles surrounding the inflamed tissue. They are effective in conjunction with joint traction and chondroprotectors, because if you do not begin to restore the joint itself, eliminating the spasm can lead to its rapid destruction.
Tip!The doctor claims that muscle oxidants rarely help to significantly improve the patient's condition, so their appointment is not always justified.
vasodilators. Increases blood circulation in the joint, which helps in faster recovery, while reducing pain, eliminating vasospasm and improving joint nutrition. Initially, the tablets are taken one by one, but after a few days, if there are no side effects, proceed to the course of application recommended by your doctor.
Injections are injected directly into the joint or periarticular tissue. However, in most cases, the injection is inserted into the periarticular tissue, not into the lumen of the damaged joint, because there is a high risk of abrasion and damage to the nerve endings.
- Corticosteroid hormones are used to reduce pain.
- The use of Buddhist chondroprotectors is very useful (2-3 courses a year).
- Hyaluronic acid, an artificial joint lubricant, must be injected into the joint lumen, which is very difficult to penetrate, so the treatment has only a 30% positive effect.
There aren't many effective ointments that don't always reach the joints - the friction process in the ointment itself often has a positive effect by replacing a light massage. Rub the ointment with clean hands for 15 minutes. circular and spiral movements from bottom to top until a feeling of warmth is visible.
The composition of ointments is different - they can be vegetable raw materials, bee and snake venom, extracts of cartilage tissue of cattle. Ointments containing honey or mustard and other warming components will be good. You can prepare such materials yourself. Ointments also have an analgesic effect.
Therapeutic gymnastics is very effective in the early stages of the disease, and sometimes even in advanced cases. The main purpose of the exercise is to develop the affected joint and strengthen the nearby muscles. If there is discomfort in the thigh area after gymnastics, massage should be done to minimize discomfort.
Important!Do not load the joint during gymnastics - exclude its axial load as it may worsen the condition. Also, try not to make sudden and deep movements.
There are a number of exercises that need to be done regularly - in this case, the results will be really noticeable.
- I. s. - standing. Hold the support with both hands and slowly squat 10 times.
- I. s. - standing. Transfer your body weight to your healthy leg and support yourself with one hand on the same side (behind a table or chair). Slowly swing back and forth with your painful foot.
- I. s. - Lying on his stomach. Put your hands on your thighs and lift your legs straight in turn.
- I. s. - Stand firmly on both feet and stand on the support with both hands. Get on your toes and lower your heels. Execute - 10 times.
The set of exercises consists of three series and is performed slowly but surely for an hour. It is important to do the exercises correctly.
Proper nutrition is one of the keys to success in any disease, including osteoarthritis. Here are the products that will help restore cartilage tissue and do not cause weight gain:
- low-fat milk and fermented milk products;
- lean meat and fish;
- beans, lentils.
- Fats are important for normal metabolism. Prefer unrefined vegetable and vegetable oil, fish or shark oil.
- Carbohydrates fill the body with energy. Complex carbohydrates (vegetables, fruits) are better than simple ones, which include food, sugar and other sweets.
- Minerals and vitamins are found in foods such as baked potatoes, bananas, nuts, eggs, chicken, and whole grain breads.
Doctors recommend consuming more than 1 teaspoon of salt a day, avoiding preservatives, smoked meat and other foods that are harmful in terms of fat.
Tip!Water is life. For coxarthrosis you need to drink plenty of water - up to two liters a day.
Prevention includes an active lifestyle, proper nutrition, and prevention of excessive stress on the joints (often abused by athletes). Bless you!